Italian direct object pronouns

Italian_direct_object_pronounsItalian direct object pronouns

 In Italian language both indirect  and direct object pronouns are to be used in order to substitute the name of a person or of an object. With this post we are going to deal only with Italian direct object pronouns.

Direct object pronouns perform the function of a direct object.

Italian direct object pronouns are:

  • First person singular : mi
  • Second person singular: ti
  • Third person singular : lo / la / l’
  • First person plural : ci
  • Second person plural  : vi
  • Third person plural : li / le

Generally they are to be placed before the verb:

– Mangi la pasta? Sì, la mangio  (= Mangio la pasta)

– Hai spedito la lettera? Sì, l’ho spedita (= Ho spedito la lettera)

– Avete comprato il pane? No, non l’abbiamo comprato (= Non abbiamo comprato il pane)

If the verb is conjugated at the present perfect (passato prossimo), the past participle matches in gender and number with the direct object pronoun:

– Hai incontrato Marta e Giacomo?  Sì, li ho incontrati   (=Ho incontrato Marta e Giacomo)

Vi ho ascoltati (Ho ascoltato voi)

Conversely, when the verb is conjugated at the imperative (imperativo) or at the gerund (gerundio) or in presence of two consecutive verbs, Italian direct object pronouns are to placed after the verb as their suffix:

– Incontrandoti capirò meglio cosa fare (= Incontrando te capirò meglio cosa fare)

– Il medico verrà a visitarci domani (=Il medico verrà a visitare noi domani)

– Ammiratelo!  (= Ammirate lui!)

NOTA BENE: Since Italian direct object pronouns perform the function of direct object, they can be used only with transitive verbs, i.e. with verbs that can be followed by an object, such as mangiare, leggere, scrivere, etc

Now practise direct object pronouns with the following activity! Buon divertimento :)

 Italian_direct_object_pronouns

The author of this grammar page is Vincenzo